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  Index
APC/C-mediated degradation of cell cycle proteinsApoptosisApoptotic execution phase
B cell receptor signaling pathwayBase excision repairCalcium signaling pathway
Cell cycleCell cycleCell cycle
Centrosome maturationDAP12 interactionsDNA replication
ErbB signaling pathwayFc epsilon RI signaling pathwayFc gamma R-mediated phagocytosis
G1/S DNA Damage CheckpointsG2/M TransitionGrowth hormone receptor signaling
HIF-1 signaling pathwayInsulin signaling pathwayJak-STAT signaling pathway
Kinetochore capture of astral microtubulesMAPK signaling pathwayMAPK signaling pathway
MeiosisMismatch repairMitotic G1-G1/S phases
Mitotic Spindle CheckpointNF-kappa B signaling pathwayNatural killer cell mediated cytotoxicity
Nucleotide excision repairOocyte meiosisOsteoclast differentiation
PI3K-Akt signaling pathwayPI3K-Akt signaling pathwayPI3K-Akt signaling pathway
Regulation of Hypoxia-inducible Factor (HIF) by OxygenS PhaseSCF-beta-TrCP mediated degradation of Emi1
Synthesis of DNAT cell receptor signaling pathwayTCR signaling
Wnt signaling pathwaymTOR signaling pathwayp53 signaling pathway
p53-Dependent G1/S DNA damage checkpoint



MotifProteinStartEndSwitch TypeSwitch SubtypeSwitch descriptionInformationEvidence

(Reactome - 2676022)
LIG_TYR_ITAM CD79A_MOUSE179196Avidity‑sensingPhosphorylation of Y182 and Y193 in the ITAM motif of B-cell antigen receptor complex-associated protein alpha chain (Cd79a) induces high-avidity binding to the tandem SH2 domains of Tyrosine-protein kinase SYK (Syk). Maximal Syk activation requires both Syk SH2 domains and phosphorylation of both ITAM tyrosine residues.
details
Curated
LIG_TYR_ITAM CD79A_MOUSE179196Avidity‑sensingPhosphorylation of Y182 and Y193 in the ITAM motif of B-cell antigen receptor complex-associated protein alpha chain (Cd79a) induces high-avidity binding to the tandem SH2 domains of Tyrosine-protein kinase SYK (Syk). Maximal Syk activation requires both Syk SH2 domains and phosphorylation of both ITAM tyrosine residues.
details
Curated

(Reactome - 2676436)
MOD_CDK_1 CDN1B_HUMAN184190Pre‑assemblyComposite binding site formationBinding of Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1B (CDKN1B) (p27) to the SCF-Skp2 ubiquitin ligase complex requires phosphorylation of p27 (CDKN1B) at T187, and association of the F-box protein S-phase kinase-associated protein 2 (SKP2) with the regulatory Cyclin-dependent kinases regulatory subunit 1 (CKS1B). SKP2 and CKS1B together generate a composite binding site for p27 (CDKN1B). While some residues, including the phosphorylated T187, bind to CKS1B and others to SKP2, the E185 makes contact with residues of both CKS1B and SKP2.
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Curated
DEG_SCF_SKP2-CKS1_1 CDN1B_HUMAN183190Pre‑assemblyComposite binding site formationBinding of Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1B (CDKN1B) (p27) to the SCF-Skp2 ubiquitin ligase complex requires phosphorylation of p27 (CDKN1B) at T187, and association of the F-box protein S-phase kinase-associated protein 2 (SKP2) with the regulatory Cyclin-dependent kinases regulatory subunit 1 (CKS1B). SKP2 and CKS1B together generate a composite binding site for p27 (CDKN1B). While some residues, including the phosphorylated T187, bind to CKS1B and others to SKP2, the E185 makes contact with residues of both CKS1B and SKP2.
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Curated

(Reactome - 2721265)
LIG_14-3-3_1 BAD_RAT134139BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityPhosphorylation of S137 by RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein kinase (Akt1) in the 14-3-3-binding motif of Bcl2 antagonist of cell death (Bad) induces binding to the 14-3-3 protein beta/alpha (YWHAB) protein. This interaction inhibits the pro-apoptotic activity of Bcl2 antagonist of cell death (Bad).
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Curated

APC/C-mediated degradation of cell cycle proteins (Reactome - 174143)
DEG_APCC_DBOX_3 NEK2_HUMAN423445BinaryPre‑translationalAlternative splicing removes the extended D-box degron motif of Serine/threonine-protein kinase Nek2 (NEK2), abrogating binding to Cell division cycle protein 20 homolog (CDC20). NEK2-A is targeted by APC/C-Cdc20 in early mitosis whereas Isoform Nek2B of Serine/threonine-protein kinase Nek2 (NEK2) persists into late mitosis. Degradation of Isoform Nek2A of Serine/threonine-protein kinase Nek2 (NEK2) may be necessary to allow re-establishment of the intercentriolar linkage in late mitosis.
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Apoptosis (KEGG - hsa04210)
CLV_C14_caspase-8-10 CASP3_HUMAN172175BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityPhosphorylation of S176 adjacent to the cleavage motif of Caspase-3 (CASP3) by CK2 subfamily prevents cleavage by Caspase-8 (CASP8) and thus activation of Caspase-3 (CASP3).
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Curated
LIG_BIR_III_2 CASP7_HUMAN2327BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityBinding of the BIR domain-binding motif of Caspase-7 (CASP7) to the BIR domains of Baculoviral IAP repeat-containing protein 2 (BIRC2) requires cleavage of Caspase-7 (CASP7) at D23, since this results in a functional neo N-terminal motif. BIR domains are found in Inhibitor of Apoptosis Proteins (IAPs) that suppress the activity of activated caspases, either by directly inhibiting caspase catalytic activity, or by targeting caspases for degradation by ubiquitin modification.
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LIG_BIR_III_2 CASP7_HUMAN2327BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityBinding of the BIR domain-binding motif of Caspase-7 (CASP7) to the BIR domains of Baculoviral IAP repeat-containing protein 2 (BIRC2) requires cleavage of Caspase-7 (CASP7) at D23, since this results in a functional neo N-terminal motif. BIR domains are found in Inhibitor of Apoptosis Proteins (IAPs) that suppress the activity of activated caspases, either by directly inhibiting caspase catalytic activity, or by targeting caspases for degradation by ubiquitin modification.
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Curated
LIG_BIR_III_2 CASP7_HUMAN2327BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityBinding of the BIR domain-binding motif of Caspase-7 (CASP7) to the BIR domains of Baculoviral IAP repeat-containing protein 2 (BIRC2) requires cleavage of Caspase-7 (CASP7) at D23, since this results in a functional neo N-terminal motif. BIR domains are found in Inhibitor of Apoptosis Proteins (IAPs) that suppress the activity of activated caspases, either by directly inhibiting caspase catalytic activity, or by targeting caspases for degradation by ubiquitin modification.
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Curated

Apoptotic execution phase (Reactome - 75153)
CLV_C14_caspase-8-10 CASP3_HUMAN172175BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityPhosphorylation of S176 adjacent to the cleavage motif of Caspase-3 (CASP3) by CK2 subfamily prevents cleavage by Caspase-8 (CASP8) and thus activation of Caspase-3 (CASP3).
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CLV_C14_Caspase3-7 KPCD_HUMAN326330BinaryPre‑translationalAlternative splicing inserts exons within the Caspase-3 scission motif of Protein kinase C delta type (PRKCD), abrogating binding to Caspase-3 (CASP3). Cleavage of PKCdeltaI Protein kinase C delta type (PRKCD) by caspase-3 releases a catalytically active C-terminal fragment that is sufficient to induce apoptosis. This inserted exon disrupts scission motifs and therefore the PKCdeltaVIII (GENBANK:DQ516383) splice variant functions as an anti-apoptotic protein in NT2 cells.
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LIG_BIR_III_2 CASP7_HUMAN2327BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityBinding of the BIR domain-binding motif of Caspase-7 (CASP7) to the BIR domains of Baculoviral IAP repeat-containing protein 2 (BIRC2) requires cleavage of Caspase-7 (CASP7) at D23, since this results in a functional neo N-terminal motif. BIR domains are found in Inhibitor of Apoptosis Proteins (IAPs) that suppress the activity of activated caspases, either by directly inhibiting caspase catalytic activity, or by targeting caspases for degradation by ubiquitin modification.
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Curated
LIG_BIR_III_2 CASP7_HUMAN2327BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityBinding of the BIR domain-binding motif of Caspase-7 (CASP7) to the BIR domains of Baculoviral IAP repeat-containing protein 2 (BIRC2) requires cleavage of Caspase-7 (CASP7) at D23, since this results in a functional neo N-terminal motif. BIR domains are found in Inhibitor of Apoptosis Proteins (IAPs) that suppress the activity of activated caspases, either by directly inhibiting caspase catalytic activity, or by targeting caspases for degradation by ubiquitin modification.
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Curated
LIG_BIR_III_2 CASP7_HUMAN2327BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityBinding of the BIR domain-binding motif of Caspase-7 (CASP7) to the BIR domains of Baculoviral IAP repeat-containing protein 2 (BIRC2) requires cleavage of Caspase-7 (CASP7) at D23, since this results in a functional neo N-terminal motif. BIR domains are found in Inhibitor of Apoptosis Proteins (IAPs) that suppress the activity of activated caspases, either by directly inhibiting caspase catalytic activity, or by targeting caspases for degradation by ubiquitin modification.
details
Curated

B cell receptor signaling pathway (KEGG - mmu04662)
LIG_TYR_ITAM CD79A_MOUSE179196Avidity‑sensingPhosphorylation of Y182 and Y193 in the ITAM motif of B-cell antigen receptor complex-associated protein alpha chain (Cd79a) induces high-avidity binding to the tandem SH2 domains of Tyrosine-protein kinase SYK (Syk). Maximal Syk activation requires both Syk SH2 domains and phosphorylation of both ITAM tyrosine residues.
details
Curated
LIG_TYR_ITAM CD79A_MOUSE179196Avidity‑sensingPhosphorylation of Y182 and Y193 in the ITAM motif of B-cell antigen receptor complex-associated protein alpha chain (Cd79a) induces high-avidity binding to the tandem SH2 domains of Tyrosine-protein kinase SYK (Syk). Maximal Syk activation requires both Syk SH2 domains and phosphorylation of both ITAM tyrosine residues.
details
Curated

Base excision repair (KEGG - ko03410)
LIG_PCNA_PIPBox_1 DPOD3_HUMAN456465BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityPhosphorylation of S458 in the PCNA-binding motif of DNA polymerase delta subunit 3 (POLD3) by cAMP subfamily reduces the affinity of binding to the Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and decreases the processivity of the polymerase complex.
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Calcium signaling pathway (KEGG - hsa04020)
LIG_SH2_SRC EGFR_HUMAN10161019BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityPhosphorylation of Y1016 in the SH2-binding motif of Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) induces binding to 1-phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate phosphodiesterase gamma-1 (PLCG1).
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Cell cycle (KEGG - hsa04110)
LIG_PLK MPIP3_HUMAN129131BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityPhosphorylation of T130 in the PLK-docking motif of M-phase inducer phosphatase 3 (CDC25C) by Cyclin-dependent kinase 1 (CDK1)-Cyclin AB subfamily generates a recruitment site for Serine/threonine-protein kinase PLK1 (PLK1), which then phosphorylates M-phase inducer phosphatase 3 (CDC25C). This results in inactivation of the NES of M-phase inducer phosphatase 3 (CDC25C), thereby promoting its nuclear localization.
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LIG_PLK MPIP2_HUMAN4951BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityPhosphorylation of S50 in the PLK-docking motif of M-phase inducer phosphatase 2 (CDC25B) by Cyclin-dependent kinase 1 (CDK1)-Cyclin AB subfamily generates a recruitment site for Serine/threonine-protein kinase PLK1 (PLK1), which then phosphorylates and activates M-phase inducer phosphatase 2 (CDC25B).
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LIG_14-3-3_3 MPIP3_HUMAN213218BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityPhosphorylation of S216 in a 14-3-3-binding motif of M-phase inducer phosphatase 3 (CDC25C) by Serine/threonine-protein kinase Chk1 (CHEK1) induces binding to 14-3-3 protein beta/alpha (YWHAB), which negatively regulates M-phase inducer phosphatase 3 (CDC25C).
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TRG_NES_CRM1_1 MPIP3_HUMAN189203BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityPhosphorylation of S198 in the NES of M-phase inducer phosphatase 3 (CDC25C) by Serine/threonine-protein kinase PLK1 (PLK1) inhibits binding to Exportin-1 (XPO1), thus promoting nuclear localization of M-phase inducer phosphatase 3 (CDC25C).
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LIG_14-3-3_3 MPIP2_HUMAN320325BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityPhosphorylation of S321 in the 14-3-3-binding motif of M-phase inducer phosphatase 2 (CDC25B) by Cyclin-dependent kinase 1 (CDK1) during mitosis abolishes binding of the motif, phosphorylated at S323, to 14-3-3 protein beta/alpha (YWHAB), thereby maintaining active Cdc25B.
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LIG_MAD2 CDC20_HUMAN129137BinaryAllosteryBinding of Mad1-bound Closed (C-) Mitotic spindle assembly checkpoint protein MAD2A (MAD2L1) to Open (O-) Mitotic spindle assembly checkpoint protein MAD2A (MAD2L1) switches conformation of the latter to the C conformation, making the binding site for Cell division cycle protein 20 homolog (CDC20) available. This sequesters Cell division cycle protein 20 homolog (CDC20) to the spindle assembly checkpoint and prevents onset of anaphase.
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MOD_CDK_1 CDN1B_HUMAN184190Pre‑assemblyComposite binding site formationBinding of Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1B (CDKN1B) (p27) to the SCF-Skp2 ubiquitin ligase complex requires phosphorylation of p27 (CDKN1B) at T187, and association of the F-box protein S-phase kinase-associated protein 2 (SKP2) with the regulatory Cyclin-dependent kinases regulatory subunit 1 (CKS1B). SKP2 and CKS1B together generate a composite binding site for p27 (CDKN1B). While some residues, including the phosphorylated T187, bind to CKS1B and others to SKP2, the E185 makes contact with residues of both CKS1B and SKP2.
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DEG_SCF_SKP2-CKS1_1 CDN1B_HUMAN183190Pre‑assemblyComposite binding site formationBinding of Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1B (CDKN1B) (p27) to the SCF-Skp2 ubiquitin ligase complex requires phosphorylation of p27 (CDKN1B) at T187, and association of the F-box protein S-phase kinase-associated protein 2 (SKP2) with the regulatory Cyclin-dependent kinases regulatory subunit 1 (CKS1B). SKP2 and CKS1B together generate a composite binding site for p27 (CDKN1B). While some residues, including the phosphorylated T187, bind to CKS1B and others to SKP2, the E185 makes contact with residues of both CKS1B and SKP2.
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MOD_CDK_1 CDN1C_HUMAN307313Pre‑assemblyComposite binding site formationBinding of Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1C (CDKN1C) (p57) to the SCF-Skp2 ubiquitin ligase complex requires phosphorylation of p57 (CDKN1C) at T310, and association of the F-box protein S-phase kinase-associated protein 2 (SKP2) with the regulatory Cyclin-dependent kinases regulatory subunit 1 (CKS1B). SKP2 and CKS1B together generate a composite binding site for p57 (CDKN1C).
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DEG_SCF_SKP2-CKS1_1 CDN1C_HUMAN306313Pre‑assemblyComposite binding site formationBinding of Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1C (CDKN1C) (p57) to the SCF-Skp2 ubiquitin ligase complex requires phosphorylation of p57 (CDKN1C) at T310, and association of the F-box protein S-phase kinase-associated protein 2 (SKP2) with the regulatory Cyclin-dependent kinases regulatory subunit 1 (CKS1B). SKP2 and CKS1B together generate a composite binding site for p57 (CDKN1C).
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DOC_CYCLIN_1 CDN1B_HUMAN3033SpecificityDomain hidingBinding of the CDK-cyclin inhibitor p27 (Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1B (CDKN1B)) blocks the substrate recruitment site on Cyclin-A2 (CCNA2).
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DOC_CYCLIN_1 CDC6_HUMAN9498SpecificityDomain hidingBinding of the CDK-cyclin inhibitor p27 (Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1B (CDKN1B)) blocks the substrate recruitment site on Cyclin-A2 (CCNA2).
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DOC_CYCLIN_1 CDN1A_HUMAN1922SpecificityCompetitionCyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1 (CDKN1A) (p21) and the M-phase inducer phosphatase 1 (CDC25A) bind the same site on Cyclin proteins (e.g. G1/S-specific cyclin-E1 (CCNE1)), making their interactions mutually exclusive.
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DOC_CYCLIN_1 MPIP1_HUMAN1115SpecificityCompetitionCyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1 (CDKN1A) (p21) and the M-phase inducer phosphatase 1 (CDC25A) bind the same site on Cyclin proteins (e.g. G1/S-specific cyclin-E1 (CCNE1)), making their interactions mutually exclusive.
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DEG_MDM2_1 P53_HUMAN1926BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityPhosphorylation of Cellular tumor antigen p53 (TP53) on T18 (in vitro by Casein kinase I subfamily, requiring prior phosphorylation of S15) inhibits its binding to E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase Mdm2 (MDM2). In vivo, T18 is phosphorylated in response to DNA damage.
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LIG_TAZ2 P53_HUMAN1925CumulativeRheostaticMultisite phosphorylation of S15 and T18 and S20 and S33 and S37 and S46 in the TAD region of Cellular tumor antigen p53 (TP53) additively enhances its affinity for CREB-binding protein (CREBBP).
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DEG_APCC_KENBOX_2 MPIP2_HUMAN191195BinaryPre‑translationalAlternative splicing removes the APC/C KEN-box degron motif of M-phase inducer phosphatase 2 (CDC25B), abrogating binding to Fizzy-related protein homolog (FZR1). The motif-lacking Isoform CDC25B2 of M-phase inducer phosphatase 2 (CDC25B) is not degraded during mitosis, unlike other isoforms.
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DEG_MDM2_1 P53_HUMAN1926BinaryPre‑translationalAlternative promoter usage and alternative splicing removes the E3 ubiquitin ligase MDM2-binding motif of Cellular tumor antigen p53 (TP53), abrogating binding to E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase Mdm2 (MDM2). The splice variant without this motif is resistant to MDM2-mediated degradation, leading to a longer half-life.
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DEG_APCC_KENBOX_2 BUB1B_HUMAN303307SpecificityDomain hidingBinding of the second KEN-box motif of Mitotic checkpoint serine/threonine-protein kinase BUB1 beta (BUB1B), a subunit of the Spindle Assembly Checkpoint (SAC), to the substrate recruitment site of Cell division cycle protein 20 homolog (CDC20), the substrate recognition subunit of the Anaphase Promoting Complex/Cyclosome (APC/C), blocks binding of the Cdc20 substrate G2/mitotic-specific cyclin-B1 (CCNB1). As a result, G2/mitotic-specific cyclin-B1 (CCNB1) is not targeted for proteasomal degradation until metaphase, when the SAC is inhibited. Destruction of G2/mitotic-specific cyclin-B1 (CCNB1) is required for progression to the anaphase of the cell cycle.
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DEG_APCC_DBOX_1 CCNB1_HUMAN4149SpecificityDomain hidingBinding of the second KEN-box motif of Mitotic checkpoint serine/threonine-protein kinase BUB1 beta (BUB1B), a subunit of the Spindle Assembly Checkpoint (SAC), to the substrate recruitment site of Cell division cycle protein 20 homolog (CDC20), the substrate recognition subunit of the Anaphase Promoting Complex/Cyclosome (APC/C), blocks binding of the Cdc20 substrate G2/mitotic-specific cyclin-B1 (CCNB1). As a result, G2/mitotic-specific cyclin-B1 (CCNB1) is not targeted for proteasomal degradation until metaphase, when the SAC is inhibited. Destruction of G2/mitotic-specific cyclin-B1 (CCNB1) is required for progression to the anaphase of the cell cycle.
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DEG_APCC_KENBOX_2 BUB1B_HUMAN303307SpecificityDomain hidingBinding of the second KEN-box motif of Mitotic checkpoint serine/threonine-protein kinase BUB1 beta (BUB1B), a subunit of the Spindle Assembly Checkpoint (SAC), to the substrate recruitment site of Cell division cycle protein 20 homolog (CDC20), the substrate recognition subunit of the Anaphase Promoting Complex/Cyclosome (APC/C), blocks binding of the Cdc20 substrate Securin (PTTG1). As a result, Securin (PTTG1) is not targeted for proteasomal degradation until metaphase, when the SAC is inhibited. Destruction of Securin (PTTG1) is required for progression to the anaphase of the cell cycle.
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DEG_APCC_DBOX_1 PTTG1_HUMAN6068SpecificityDomain hidingBinding of the second KEN-box motif of Mitotic checkpoint serine/threonine-protein kinase BUB1 beta (BUB1B), a subunit of the Spindle Assembly Checkpoint (SAC), to the substrate recruitment site of Cell division cycle protein 20 homolog (CDC20), the substrate recognition subunit of the Anaphase Promoting Complex/Cyclosome (APC/C), blocks binding of the Cdc20 substrate Securin (PTTG1). As a result, Securin (PTTG1) is not targeted for proteasomal degradation until metaphase, when the SAC is inhibited. Destruction of Securin (PTTG1) is required for progression to the anaphase of the cell cycle.
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TRG_NLS CDN1B_HUMAN152166SpecificityMotif hidingPhosphorylation of a 14-3-3-binding motif in the NLS of Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1B (CDKN1B) by RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein kinase (AKT1) induces binding of 14-3-3 protein gamma (YWHAG), which hides the NLS and prevents binding to Importin subunit alpha-1 (KPNA1), thereby mediating cytoplasmic retention of Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1B (CDKN1B). Binding of 14-3-3 dimer involves an additional C-terminal 14-3-3-binding motif (see switch details).
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LIG_14-3-3_3 CDN1B_HUMAN154159SpecificityMotif hidingPhosphorylation of a 14-3-3-binding motif in the NLS of Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1B (CDKN1B) by RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein kinase (AKT1) induces binding of 14-3-3 protein gamma (YWHAG), which hides the NLS and prevents binding to Importin subunit alpha-1 (KPNA1), thereby mediating cytoplasmic retention of Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1B (CDKN1B). Binding of 14-3-3 dimer involves an additional C-terminal 14-3-3-binding motif (see switch details).
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LIG_14-3-3_3 CDN1B_HUMAN154159Avidity‑sensingPhosphorylation of two 14-3-3-binding motifs in Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1B (CDKN1B) by RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein kinase (AKT1) and ribosomal protein S6 kinases (Ribosomal protein S6 kinase alpha-1 (RPS6KA1), Ribosomal protein S6 kinase alpha-3 (RPS6KA3)) induces binding of 14-3-3 dimer. Binding of 14-3-3 results in cytoplasmic localisation of Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1B (CDKN1B) (see switch details), thereby alleviating Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1B (CDKN1B)-mediated inhibition of cyclin-dependent kinases and cell cycle progression.
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LIG_14-3-3_3 CDN1B_HUMAN193198Avidity‑sensingPhosphorylation of two 14-3-3-binding motifs in Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1B (CDKN1B) by RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein kinase (AKT1) and ribosomal protein S6 kinases (Ribosomal protein S6 kinase alpha-1 (RPS6KA1), Ribosomal protein S6 kinase alpha-3 (RPS6KA3)) induces binding of 14-3-3 dimer. Binding of 14-3-3 results in cytoplasmic localisation of Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1B (CDKN1B) (see switch details), thereby alleviating Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1B (CDKN1B)-mediated inhibition of cyclin-dependent kinases and cell cycle progression.
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LIG_PCNA_PIPBox_1 CDN1A_HUMAN144153BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityPhosphorylation of T145 in the PCNA-binding motif of Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1 (CDKN1A) by RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein kinase (AKT1) inhibits binding to Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA). As a result, Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1 (CDKN1A) no longer inhibits Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and blocking of DNA replication is relieved.
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LIG_PCNA_PIPBox_1 CDN1A_HUMAN144153BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityPhosphorylation of S146 in the PCNA-binding motif of Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1 (CDKN1A) by PKC subfamily inhibits binding to Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA). As a result, Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1 (CDKN1A) no longer inhibits Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and blocking of DNA replication is relieved.
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Cell cycle (KEGG - mmu04110)
MOD_CDK_1 CDN1C_MOUSE339345Pre‑assemblyComposite binding site formationBinding of Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1C (Cdkn1c) (p57) to the SCF-Skp2 ubiquitin ligase complex requires phosphorylation of p57 (Cdkn1c) at T342, and association of the F-box protein S-phase kinase-associated protein 2 (SKP2) with the regulatory Cyclin-dependent kinases regulatory subunit 1 (CKS1B). SKP2 and CKS1B together generate a composite binding site for p57 (Cdkn1c).
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DEG_SCF_SKP2-CKS1_1 CDN1C_MOUSE338345Pre‑assemblyComposite binding site formationBinding of Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1C (Cdkn1c) (p57) to the SCF-Skp2 ubiquitin ligase complex requires phosphorylation of p57 (Cdkn1c) at T342, and association of the F-box protein S-phase kinase-associated protein 2 (SKP2) with the regulatory Cyclin-dependent kinases regulatory subunit 1 (CKS1B). SKP2 and CKS1B together generate a composite binding site for p57 (Cdkn1c).
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Cell cycle (KEGG - sce04111)
LIG_FHA_1 RAD9_YEAST601607BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityPhosphorylation of T603 in the FHA-binding motif of DNA repair protein RAD9 (RAD9) induces binding to the Serine/threonine-protein kinase RAD53 (RAD53) protein.
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LIG_FHA_2 RAD9_YEAST153159BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityPhosphorylation of T155 in the FHA-binding motif of DNA repair protein RAD9 (RAD9) induces binding to the Serine/threonine-protein kinase RAD53 (RAD53) protein.
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LIG_FHA_2 RAD9_YEAST190196BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityPhosphorylation of T192 in the FHA-binding motif of DNA repair protein RAD9 (RAD9) induces binding to the Serine/threonine-protein kinase RAD53 (RAD53) protein.
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DEG_APCC_KENBOX_2 ACM1_YEAST97101SpecificityDomain hidingThe KEN-box motif of APC/C-CDH1 modulator 1 (ACM1) binds to the substrate recruitment site of APC/C activator protein CDH1 (CDH1), the substrate recognition subunit of the Anaphase Promoting Complex/Cyclosome (APC/C), and thereby blocks recruitment, and subsequent targeting for proteasomal degradation, of the Cdh1 substrate G2/mitotic-specific cyclin-2 (CLB2). Degradation of G2/mitotic-specific cyclin-2 (CLB2) is required for mitotic exit and maintenance of the G1 phase of the cell cycle and is allowed by Cdc20-dependent degradation of APC/C-CDH1 modulator 1 (ACM1) in anaphase.
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DEG_APCC_KENBOX_2 CG22_YEAST99103SpecificityDomain hidingThe KEN-box motif of APC/C-CDH1 modulator 1 (ACM1) binds to the substrate recruitment site of APC/C activator protein CDH1 (CDH1), the substrate recognition subunit of the Anaphase Promoting Complex/Cyclosome (APC/C), and thereby blocks recruitment, and subsequent targeting for proteasomal degradation, of the Cdh1 substrate G2/mitotic-specific cyclin-2 (CLB2). Degradation of G2/mitotic-specific cyclin-2 (CLB2) is required for mitotic exit and maintenance of the G1 phase of the cell cycle and is allowed by Cdc20-dependent degradation of APC/C-CDH1 modulator 1 (ACM1) in anaphase.
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DEG_APCC_KENBOX_2 ACM1_YEAST97101SpecificityDomain hidingThe KEN-box motif of APC/C-CDH1 modulator 1 (ACM1) binds to the substrate recruitment site of APC/C activator protein CDH1 (CDH1), the substrate recognition subunit of the Anaphase Promoting Complex/Cyclosome (APC/C), and thereby blocks recruitment, and subsequent targeting for proteasomal degradation, of the Cdh1 substrate Kinesin-like protein CIN8 (CIN8). Degradation of Kinesin-like protein CIN8 (CIN8) is required for mitotic exit and maintenance of the G1 phase of the cell cycle and is allowed by Cdc20-dependent degradation of APC/C-CDH1 modulator 1 (ACM1) in anaphase.
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DEG_APCC_KENBOX_2 CIN8_YEAST931935SpecificityDomain hidingThe KEN-box motif of APC/C-CDH1 modulator 1 (ACM1) binds to the substrate recruitment site of APC/C activator protein CDH1 (CDH1), the substrate recognition subunit of the Anaphase Promoting Complex/Cyclosome (APC/C), and thereby blocks recruitment, and subsequent targeting for proteasomal degradation, of the Cdh1 substrate Kinesin-like protein CIN8 (CIN8). Degradation of Kinesin-like protein CIN8 (CIN8) is required for mitotic exit and maintenance of the G1 phase of the cell cycle and is allowed by Cdc20-dependent degradation of APC/C-CDH1 modulator 1 (ACM1) in anaphase.
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DEG_APCC_KENBOX_2 ACM1_YEAST97101SpecificityDomain hidingThe KEN-box motif of APC/C-CDH1 modulator 1 (ACM1) binds to the substrate recruitment site of APC/C activator protein CDH1 (CDH1), the substrate recognition subunit of the Anaphase Promoting Complex/Cyclosome (APC/C), and thereby blocks recruitment, and subsequent targeting for proteasomal degradation, of the Cdh1 substrate Probable serine/threonine-protein kinase HSL1 (HSL1). Degradation of Probable serine/threonine-protein kinase HSL1 (HSL1) is required for mitotic exit and maintenance of the G1 phase of the cell cycle and is allowed by Cdc20-dependent degradation of APC/C-CDH1 modulator 1 (ACM1) in anaphase.
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DEG_APCC_KENBOX_2 HSL1_YEAST774778SpecificityDomain hidingThe KEN-box motif of APC/C-CDH1 modulator 1 (ACM1) binds to the substrate recruitment site of APC/C activator protein CDH1 (CDH1), the substrate recognition subunit of the Anaphase Promoting Complex/Cyclosome (APC/C), and thereby blocks recruitment, and subsequent targeting for proteasomal degradation, of the Cdh1 substrate Probable serine/threonine-protein kinase HSL1 (HSL1). Degradation of Probable serine/threonine-protein kinase HSL1 (HSL1) is required for mitotic exit and maintenance of the G1 phase of the cell cycle and is allowed by Cdc20-dependent degradation of APC/C-CDH1 modulator 1 (ACM1) in anaphase.
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Centrosome maturation (Reactome - 380287)
MOD_CDK_1 ODFP2_HUMAN793799BinaryPre‑translationalAlternative splicing removes the cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) phosphorylation motif of Isoform Cenexin 1 of Outer dense fiber protein 2 (ODF2), abrogating binding to Cyclin-dependent kinase 1 (CDK1). This phosphorylation is required for the recruitment of Serine/threonine-protein kinase PLK1 (PLK1). The C-terminal extension of Isoform Cenexin 1 of Outer dense fiber protein 2 (ODF2) has the ability to distinctly localise to mother centriole whereas the splice variant (e.g. Isoform Cenexin 1 of Outer dense fiber protein 2 (ODF2)), which does not have this extension, permits ODF2 to associate with sperm tail.
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DAP12 interactions (Reactome - 2172127)
LIG_SH2_STAT5 LAT_HUMAN161164BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityPhosphorylation of Y161 in the SH2-binding motif of Linker for activation of T-cells family member 1 (LAT) induces binding to the 1-phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate phosphodiesterase gamma-1 (PLCG1) protein.
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DNA replication (KEGG - ko03030)
LIG_PCNA_PIPBox_1 DPOD3_HUMAN456465BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityPhosphorylation of S458 in the PCNA-binding motif of DNA polymerase delta subunit 3 (POLD3) by cAMP subfamily reduces the affinity of binding to the Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and decreases the processivity of the polymerase complex.
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ErbB signaling pathway (KEGG - hsa04012)
LIG_SH2_IC EGFR_HUMAN10921100BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityPhosphorylation of Y1092 in the SH2-binding motif of Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) induces binding to the Growth factor receptor-bound protein 2 (GRB2) protein.
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LIG_SH2_III STA5A_HUMAN686702BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityPhosphorylation of Y694 in the SH2-binding motif of Signal transducer and activator of transcription 5A (STAT5A) induces binding to the Signal transducer and activator of transcription 5B (STAT5B) protein.
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LIG_SH2_SRC EGFR_HUMAN10161019BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityPhosphorylation of Y1016 in the SH2-binding motif of Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) induces binding to 1-phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate phosphodiesterase gamma-1 (PLCG1).
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LIG_SH2_SRC EGFR_HUMAN11251128BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityPhosphorylation of Y1125 in the SH2-binding motif of Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) induces binding to Adapter molecule crk (CRK).
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LIG_SH2_SRC EGFR_HUMAN10161019BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityPhosphorylation of Y1016 in the SH2-binding motif of Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) induces binding to Cytoplasmic protein NCK1 (NCK1).
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LIG_SH2_GRB2 ERBB3_HUMAN12621265BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityPhosphorylation of Y1262 in the SH2-binding motif of Receptor tyrosine-protein kinase erbB-3 (ERBB3) induces binding to Growth factor receptor-bound protein 2 (GRB2).
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LIG_SH2_SRC FAK1_HUMAN397400BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityPhosphorylation of Y397 in the SH2-binding motif of Focal adhesion kinase 1 (PTK2) induces binding to Neuronal proto-oncogene tyrosine-protein kinase Src (Src).
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LIG_SH2_STAT5 GAB1_HUMAN472475BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityPhosphorylation of Y472 in the SH2-binding motif of GRB2-associated-binding protein 1 (GAB1) induces binding to Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase regulatory subunit alpha (PIK3R1).
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LIG_SH2_STAT5 GAB1_HUMAN447450BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityPhosphorylation of Y447 in the SH2-binding motif of GRB2-associated-binding protein 1 (GAB1) induces binding to Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase regulatory subunit alpha (PIK3R1).
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Fc epsilon RI signaling pathway (KEGG - hsa04664)
LIG_TYR_ITAM FCERG_HUMAN6279Avidity‑sensingPhosphorylation of Y65 and Y76 in the ITAM motif of High affinity immunoglobulin epsilon receptor subunit gamma (FCER1G) induces high-avidity binding to the tandem SH2 domains of Tyrosine-protein kinase SYK (SYK).
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LIG_TYR_ITAM FCERG_HUMAN6279Avidity‑sensingPhosphorylation of Y65 and Y76 in the ITAM motif of High affinity immunoglobulin epsilon receptor subunit gamma (FCER1G) induces high-avidity binding to the tandem SH2 domains of Tyrosine-protein kinase SYK (SYK).
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LIG_SH2_IA FCERG_HUMAN7579BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityPhosphorylation of Y76 in the SH2-binding motif of High affinity immunoglobulin epsilon receptor subunit gamma (FCER1G) induces binding to the Tyrosine-protein kinase SYK (SYK) protein.
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Fc gamma R-mediated phagocytosis (KEGG - hsa04666)
LIG_TYR_ITAM FCG2A_HUMAN285307Avidity‑sensingPhosphorylation of Y288 and Y304 in the ITAM motif of Low affinity immunoglobulin gamma Fc region receptor II-a (FCGR2A) induces high-avidity binding to the tandem SH2 domains of Tyrosine-protein kinase SYK (SYK).
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LIG_TYR_ITAM FCG2A_HUMAN285307Avidity‑sensingPhosphorylation of Y288 and Y304 in the ITAM motif of Low affinity immunoglobulin gamma Fc region receptor II-a (FCGR2A) induces high-avidity binding to the tandem SH2 domains of Tyrosine-protein kinase SYK (SYK).
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G1/S DNA Damage Checkpoints (Reactome - 69615)
LIG_TAZ2 P53_HUMAN1925CumulativeRheostaticMultisite phosphorylation of S15 and T18 and S20 and S33 and S37 and S46 in the TAD region of Cellular tumor antigen p53 (TP53) additively enhances its affinity for CREB-binding protein (CREBBP).
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G2/M Transition (Reactome - 69275)
TRG_NES_CRM1_1 MPIP3_HUMAN189203BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityPhosphorylation of S198 in the NES of M-phase inducer phosphatase 3 (CDC25C) by Serine/threonine-protein kinase PLK1 (PLK1) inhibits binding to Exportin-1 (XPO1), thus promoting nuclear localization of M-phase inducer phosphatase 3 (CDC25C).
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Growth hormone receptor signaling (Reactome - 982772)
LIG_SH2_III STA5A_HUMAN686702BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityPhosphorylation of Y694 in the SH2-binding motif of Signal transducer and activator of transcription 5A (STAT5A) induces binding to the Signal transducer and activator of transcription 5B (STAT5B) protein.
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HIF-1 signaling pathway (KEGG - hsa04066)
DEG_ODPH_VHL_1 HIF1A_HUMAN400413BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityHydroxylation of P402 in the VHL-binding motif of Hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha (HIF1A) induces binding to the Von Hippel-Lindau disease tumor suppressor (VHL) protein.
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DEG_ODPH_VHL_1 HIF1A_HUMAN562574BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityHydroxylation of P564 in the VHL-binding motif of Hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha (HIF1A) induces binding to the Von Hippel-Lindau disease tumor suppressor (VHL) protein.
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LIG_TAZ1 HIF1A_HUMAN792795BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityUnder normoxic conditions interaction of Hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha (HIF1A) with transcriptional coactivators such as CREB-binding protein (Crebbp) is inhibited by hydroxylation of N803.
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Insulin signaling pathway (KEGG - hsa04910)
LIG_eIF4E_1 4EBP1_HUMAN5460BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityPhosphorylation of S65 flanking the eIF4E-binding motif of Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E-binding protein 1 (EIF4EBP1) by Serine/threonine-protein kinase mTOR (MTOR) inhibits binding to Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E (EIF4E) in response to growth factors and nutrients. This results in release of Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E (EIF4E), which associates with other initiation factors to form the eIF-4F complex that mediates initiation of translation. However, disruption of the interaction between Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E-binding protein 1 (EIF4EBP1) and Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E (EIF4E) has been shown to be dependent on hyperphosphorylation of Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E-binding protein 1 (EIF4EBP1) by FRAP/mTOR, PI3K and ERK pathways. According to the current model, Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E-binding protein 1 (EIF4EBP1) is phosphorylated on multiple residues in a well-defined order. Basal phosphorylation of T37 and T46 serves as a priming event for subsequent serum-induced phosphorylation of T70, which primes for subsequent phosphorylation of S65.
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Jak-STAT signaling pathway (KEGG - hsa04630)
LIG_SH2_III STA5A_HUMAN686702BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityPhosphorylation of Y694 in the SH2-binding motif of Signal transducer and activator of transcription 5A (STAT5A) induces binding to the Signal transducer and activator of transcription 5B (STAT5B) protein.
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Kinetochore capture of astral microtubules (Reactome - 375302)
LIG_SxIP_EBH_1 KIF2C_HUMAN93104BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityPhosphorylation of S95 and S109 and S111 adjacent to the EB1-binding motif of Kinesin-like protein KIF2C (KIF2C) by Aurora kinase B (AURKB) and Aurora kinase B (AURKB) and Aurora kinase B (AURKB) inhibits its interaction with Microtubule-associated protein RP/EB family member 1 (MAPRE1), thereby inhibiting microtubule tip tracking.
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LIG_SxIP_EBH_1 CLAP2_HUMAN515525BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityPhosphorylation of several serine residues surrounding the EB1-binding motifs of CLIP-associating protein 2 (CLASP2) by Glycogen synthase kinase-3 beta (GSK3B) and Glycogen synthase kinase-3 beta (GSK3B) and Glycogen synthase kinase-3 beta (GSK3B) and Glycogen synthase kinase-3 beta (GSK3B) and Glycogen synthase kinase-3 beta (GSK3B) inhibits its interaction with Microtubule-associated protein RP/EB family member 1 (MAPRE1).
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MAPK signaling pathway (KEGG - hsa04010)
LIG_SH2_IC EGFR_HUMAN10921100BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityPhosphorylation of Y1092 in the SH2-binding motif of Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) induces binding to the Growth factor receptor-bound protein 2 (GRB2) protein.
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MAPK signaling pathway (KEGG - mmu04010)
LIG_14-3-3_3 KSR1_MOUSE294299Avidity‑sensingPhosphorylation of two 14-3-3-binding motifs in Kinase suppressor of Ras 1 (Ksr1) by Q03141 induces high-avidity binding to dimeric 14-3-3 protein beta/alpha (Ywhab). This interaction prevents Kinase suppressor of Ras 1 (Ksr1) to localise to the membrane where it is involved in activation of MAP kinases by Q99N57 in response to growth factors.
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LIG_14-3-3_3 KSR1_MOUSE389394Avidity‑sensingPhosphorylation of two 14-3-3-binding motifs in Kinase suppressor of Ras 1 (Ksr1) by Q03141 induces high-avidity binding to dimeric 14-3-3 protein beta/alpha (Ywhab). This interaction prevents Kinase suppressor of Ras 1 (Ksr1) to localise to the membrane where it is involved in activation of MAP kinases by Q99N57 in response to growth factors.
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Meiosis (KEGG - sce04113)
LIG_FHA_1 RAD9_YEAST601607BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityPhosphorylation of T603 in the FHA-binding motif of DNA repair protein RAD9 (RAD9) induces binding to the Serine/threonine-protein kinase RAD53 (RAD53) protein.
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LIG_FHA_2 RAD9_YEAST153159BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityPhosphorylation of T155 in the FHA-binding motif of DNA repair protein RAD9 (RAD9) induces binding to the Serine/threonine-protein kinase RAD53 (RAD53) protein.
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LIG_FHA_2 RAD9_YEAST190196BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityPhosphorylation of T192 in the FHA-binding motif of DNA repair protein RAD9 (RAD9) induces binding to the Serine/threonine-protein kinase RAD53 (RAD53) protein.
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Mismatch repair (KEGG - ko03430)
LIG_PCNA_PIPBox_1 DPOD3_HUMAN456465BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityPhosphorylation of S458 in the PCNA-binding motif of DNA polymerase delta subunit 3 (POLD3) by cAMP subfamily reduces the affinity of binding to the Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and decreases the processivity of the polymerase complex.
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Mitotic G1-G1/S phases (Reactome - 453279)
DOC_CYCLIN_1 CDN1A_HUMAN1922SpecificityCompetitionCyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1 (CDKN1A) (p21) and the M-phase inducer phosphatase 1 (CDC25A) bind the same site on Cyclin proteins (e.g. G1/S-specific cyclin-E1 (CCNE1)), making their interactions mutually exclusive.
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DOC_CYCLIN_1 MPIP1_HUMAN1115SpecificityCompetitionCyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1 (CDKN1A) (p21) and the M-phase inducer phosphatase 1 (CDC25A) bind the same site on Cyclin proteins (e.g. G1/S-specific cyclin-E1 (CCNE1)), making their interactions mutually exclusive.
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Mitotic Spindle Checkpoint (Reactome - 69618)
LIG_MAD2 CDC20_HUMAN129137BinaryAllosteryBinding of Mad1-bound Closed (C-) Mitotic spindle assembly checkpoint protein MAD2A (MAD2L1) to Open (O-) Mitotic spindle assembly checkpoint protein MAD2A (MAD2L1) switches conformation of the latter to the C conformation, making the binding site for Cell division cycle protein 20 homolog (CDC20) available. This sequesters Cell division cycle protein 20 homolog (CDC20) to the spindle assembly checkpoint and prevents onset of anaphase.
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NF-kappa B signaling pathway (KEGG - hsa04064)
LIG_SH2_STAT5 LAT_HUMAN161164BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityPhosphorylation of Y161 in the SH2-binding motif of Linker for activation of T-cells family member 1 (LAT) induces binding to the 1-phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate phosphodiesterase gamma-1 (PLCG1) protein.
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Natural killer cell mediated cytotoxicity (KEGG - hsa04650)
LIG_SH2_STAT5 LAT_HUMAN161164BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityPhosphorylation of Y161 in the SH2-binding motif of Linker for activation of T-cells family member 1 (LAT) induces binding to the 1-phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate phosphodiesterase gamma-1 (PLCG1) protein.
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LIG_TYR_ITAM FCERG_HUMAN6279Avidity‑sensingPhosphorylation of Y65 and Y76 in the ITAM motif of High affinity immunoglobulin epsilon receptor subunit gamma (FCER1G) induces high-avidity binding to the tandem SH2 domains of Tyrosine-protein kinase SYK (SYK).
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LIG_TYR_ITAM FCERG_HUMAN6279Avidity‑sensingPhosphorylation of Y65 and Y76 in the ITAM motif of High affinity immunoglobulin epsilon receptor subunit gamma (FCER1G) induces high-avidity binding to the tandem SH2 domains of Tyrosine-protein kinase SYK (SYK).
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LIG_SH2_IA FCERG_HUMAN7579BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityPhosphorylation of Y76 in the SH2-binding motif of High affinity immunoglobulin epsilon receptor subunit gamma (FCER1G) induces binding to the Tyrosine-protein kinase SYK (SYK) protein.
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Nucleotide excision repair (KEGG - ko03420)
LIG_PCNA_PIPBox_1 DPOD3_HUMAN456465BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityPhosphorylation of S458 in the PCNA-binding motif of DNA polymerase delta subunit 3 (POLD3) by cAMP subfamily reduces the affinity of binding to the Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and decreases the processivity of the polymerase complex.
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Oocyte meiosis (KEGG - hsa04114)
DEG_SCF_TRCP1_1 FBX5_HUMAN144149BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityDual phosphorylation of S145 and S149 in the TrCP1-binding motif of F-box only protein 5 (FBXO5) targets the protein to the SCF ubiquitin ligase complex, which marks it for degradation.
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Osteoclast differentiation (KEGG - hsa04380)
LIG_TYR_ITAM FCG2A_HUMAN285307Avidity‑sensingPhosphorylation of Y288 and Y304 in the ITAM motif of Low affinity immunoglobulin gamma Fc region receptor II-a (FCGR2A) induces high-avidity binding to the tandem SH2 domains of Tyrosine-protein kinase SYK (SYK).
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LIG_TYR_ITAM FCG2A_HUMAN285307Avidity‑sensingPhosphorylation of Y288 and Y304 in the ITAM motif of Low affinity immunoglobulin gamma Fc region receptor II-a (FCGR2A) induces high-avidity binding to the tandem SH2 domains of Tyrosine-protein kinase SYK (SYK).
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PI3K-Akt signaling pathway (KEGG - hsa04151)
MOD_GSK3_1 MYC_HUMAN5562BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityPhosphorylation of Myc proto-oncogene protein (MYC) at S62 primes the protein for phosphorylation at T58 by Glycogen synthase kinase-3 beta (GSK3B).
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LIG_14-3-3_1 RAF1_HUMAN256261Avidity‑sensingPhosphorylation of two 14-3-3-binding motifs in RAF proto-oncogene serine/threonine-protein kinase (RAF1) in response to growth factors induces high-avidity binding to dimeric 14-3-3 protein zeta/delta (YWHAZ), with pS621 being the high-affinity interaction site. This interaction locks RAF proto-oncogene serine/threonine-protein kinase (RAF1) in an inhibited conformation.
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LIG_14-3-3_1 RAF1_HUMAN618623Avidity‑sensingPhosphorylation of two 14-3-3-binding motifs in RAF proto-oncogene serine/threonine-protein kinase (RAF1) in response to growth factors induces high-avidity binding to dimeric 14-3-3 protein zeta/delta (YWHAZ), with pS621 being the high-affinity interaction site. This interaction locks RAF proto-oncogene serine/threonine-protein kinase (RAF1) in an inhibited conformation.
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LIG_14-3-3_3 FOXO3_HUMAN250255Avidity‑sensingPhosphorylation of two 14-3-3-binding motifs in Forkhead box protein O3 (FOXO3) by RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein kinase (AKT1) induces high-avidity binding to dimeric 14-3-3 protein beta/alpha (YWHAB). This interaction results in cytoplasmic retention and inactivation of Forkhead box protein O3 (FOXO3).
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LIG_14-3-3_3 FOXO3_HUMAN2934Avidity‑sensingPhosphorylation of two 14-3-3-binding motifs in Forkhead box protein O3 (FOXO3) by RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein kinase (AKT1) induces high-avidity binding to dimeric 14-3-3 protein beta/alpha (YWHAB). This interaction results in cytoplasmic retention and inactivation of Forkhead box protein O3 (FOXO3).
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LIG_SH2_IC EGFR_HUMAN10921100BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityPhosphorylation of Y1092 in the SH2-binding motif of Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) induces binding to the Growth factor receptor-bound protein 2 (GRB2) protein.
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TRG_NLS CDN1B_HUMAN152166SpecificityMotif hidingPhosphorylation of a 14-3-3-binding motif in the NLS of Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1B (CDKN1B) by RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein kinase (AKT1) induces binding of 14-3-3 protein gamma (YWHAG), which hides the NLS and prevents binding to Importin subunit alpha-1 (KPNA1), thereby mediating cytoplasmic retention of Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1B (CDKN1B). Binding of 14-3-3 dimer involves an additional C-terminal 14-3-3-binding motif (see switch details).
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LIG_14-3-3_3 CDN1B_HUMAN154159SpecificityMotif hidingPhosphorylation of a 14-3-3-binding motif in the NLS of Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1B (CDKN1B) by RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein kinase (AKT1) induces binding of 14-3-3 protein gamma (YWHAG), which hides the NLS and prevents binding to Importin subunit alpha-1 (KPNA1), thereby mediating cytoplasmic retention of Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1B (CDKN1B). Binding of 14-3-3 dimer involves an additional C-terminal 14-3-3-binding motif (see switch details).
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LIG_14-3-3_3 CDN1B_HUMAN154159Avidity‑sensingPhosphorylation of two 14-3-3-binding motifs in Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1B (CDKN1B) by RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein kinase (AKT1) and ribosomal protein S6 kinases (Ribosomal protein S6 kinase alpha-1 (RPS6KA1), Ribosomal protein S6 kinase alpha-3 (RPS6KA3)) induces binding of 14-3-3 dimer. Binding of 14-3-3 results in cytoplasmic localisation of Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1B (CDKN1B) (see switch details), thereby alleviating Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1B (CDKN1B)-mediated inhibition of cyclin-dependent kinases and cell cycle progression.
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LIG_14-3-3_3 CDN1B_HUMAN193198Avidity‑sensingPhosphorylation of two 14-3-3-binding motifs in Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1B (CDKN1B) by RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein kinase (AKT1) and ribosomal protein S6 kinases (Ribosomal protein S6 kinase alpha-1 (RPS6KA1), Ribosomal protein S6 kinase alpha-3 (RPS6KA3)) induces binding of 14-3-3 dimer. Binding of 14-3-3 results in cytoplasmic localisation of Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1B (CDKN1B) (see switch details), thereby alleviating Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1B (CDKN1B)-mediated inhibition of cyclin-dependent kinases and cell cycle progression.
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LIG_eIF4E_1 4EBP1_HUMAN5460BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityPhosphorylation of S65 flanking the eIF4E-binding motif of Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E-binding protein 1 (EIF4EBP1) by Serine/threonine-protein kinase mTOR (MTOR) inhibits binding to Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E (EIF4E) in response to growth factors and nutrients. This results in release of Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E (EIF4E), which associates with other initiation factors to form the eIF-4F complex that mediates initiation of translation. However, disruption of the interaction between Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E-binding protein 1 (EIF4EBP1) and Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E (EIF4E) has been shown to be dependent on hyperphosphorylation of Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E-binding protein 1 (EIF4EBP1) by FRAP/mTOR, PI3K and ERK pathways. According to the current model, Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E-binding protein 1 (EIF4EBP1) is phosphorylated on multiple residues in a well-defined order. Basal phosphorylation of T37 and T46 serves as a priming event for subsequent serum-induced phosphorylation of T70, which primes for subsequent phosphorylation of S65.
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PI3K-Akt signaling pathway (KEGG - mmu04151)
LIG_14-3-3_3 KSR1_MOUSE294299Avidity‑sensingPhosphorylation of two 14-3-3-binding motifs in Kinase suppressor of Ras 1 (Ksr1) by Q03141 induces high-avidity binding to dimeric 14-3-3 protein beta/alpha (Ywhab). This interaction prevents Kinase suppressor of Ras 1 (Ksr1) to localise to the membrane where it is involved in activation of MAP kinases by Q99N57 in response to growth factors.
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LIG_14-3-3_3 KSR1_MOUSE389394Avidity‑sensingPhosphorylation of two 14-3-3-binding motifs in Kinase suppressor of Ras 1 (Ksr1) by Q03141 induces high-avidity binding to dimeric 14-3-3 protein beta/alpha (Ywhab). This interaction prevents Kinase suppressor of Ras 1 (Ksr1) to localise to the membrane where it is involved in activation of MAP kinases by Q99N57 in response to growth factors.
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PI3K-Akt signaling pathway (KEGG - rno04151)
LIG_14-3-3_1 BAD_RAT134139BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityPhosphorylation of S137 by RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein kinase (Akt1) in the 14-3-3-binding motif of Bcl2 antagonist of cell death (Bad) induces binding to the 14-3-3 protein beta/alpha (YWHAB) protein. This interaction inhibits the pro-apoptotic activity of Bcl2 antagonist of cell death (Bad).
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Regulation of Hypoxia-inducible Factor (HIF) by Oxygen (Reactome - 1234174)
DEG_ODPH_VHL_1 HIF1A_HUMAN400413BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityHydroxylation of P402 in the VHL-binding motif of Hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha (HIF1A) induces binding to the Von Hippel-Lindau disease tumor suppressor (VHL) protein.
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DEG_ODPH_VHL_1 HIF1A_HUMAN562574BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityHydroxylation of P564 in the VHL-binding motif of Hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha (HIF1A) induces binding to the Von Hippel-Lindau disease tumor suppressor (VHL) protein.
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DEG_ODPH_VHL_1 EPAS1_HUMAN403416BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityHydroxylation of P405 in the VHL-binding motif of Endothelial PAS domain-containing protein 1 (EPAS1) induces binding to the Von Hippel-Lindau disease tumor suppressor (VHL) protein.
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DEG_ODPH_VHL_1 EPAS1_HUMAN529542BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityHydroxylation of P531 in the VHL-binding motif of Endothelial PAS domain-containing protein 1 (EPAS1) induces binding to the Von Hippel-Lindau disease tumor suppressor (VHL) protein.
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DEG_ODPH_VHL_1 HIF3A_HUMAN490502BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityHydroxylation of P492 in the VHL-binding motif of Hypoxia-inducible factor 3-alpha (HIF3A) induces binding to the Von Hippel-Lindau disease tumor suppressor (VHL) protein.
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LIG_TAZ1 HIF1A_HUMAN792795BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityUnder normoxic conditions interaction of Hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha (HIF1A) with transcriptional coactivators such as CREB-binding protein (Crebbp) is inhibited by hydroxylation of N803.
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S Phase (Reactome - 69242)
DOC_CYCLIN_1 CDN1B_HUMAN3033SpecificityDomain hidingBinding of the CDK-cyclin inhibitor p27 (Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1B (CDKN1B)) blocks the substrate recruitment site on Cyclin-A2 (CCNA2).
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DOC_CYCLIN_1 CDC6_HUMAN9498SpecificityDomain hidingBinding of the CDK-cyclin inhibitor p27 (Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1B (CDKN1B)) blocks the substrate recruitment site on Cyclin-A2 (CCNA2).
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SCF-beta-TrCP mediated degradation of Emi1 (Reactome - 174113)
DEG_SCF_TRCP1_1 FBX5_HUMAN144149BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityDual phosphorylation of S145 and S149 in the TrCP1-binding motif of F-box only protein 5 (FBXO5) targets the protein to the SCF ubiquitin ligase complex, which marks it for degradation.
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Synthesis of DNA (Reactome - 69239)
LIG_PCNA_PIPBox_1 DPOD3_HUMAN456465BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityPhosphorylation of S458 in the PCNA-binding motif of DNA polymerase delta subunit 3 (POLD3) by cAMP subfamily reduces the affinity of binding to the Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and decreases the processivity of the polymerase complex.
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Curated

T cell receptor signaling pathway (KEGG - hsa04660)
LIG_SH2_STAT5 LAT_HUMAN161164BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityPhosphorylation of Y161 in the SH2-binding motif of Linker for activation of T-cells family member 1 (LAT) induces binding to the 1-phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate phosphodiesterase gamma-1 (PLCG1) protein.
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LIG_TYR_ITAM CD3Z_HUMAN6986Avidity‑sensingPhosphorylation of Y72 and Y83 in the ITAM motif of T-cell surface glycoprotein CD3 zeta chain (CD247) induces high-avidity binding to the tandem SH2 domains of Tyrosine-protein kinase ZAP-70 (ZAP70).
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LIG_TYR_ITAM CD3Z_HUMAN6986Avidity‑sensingPhosphorylation of Y72 and Y83 in the ITAM motif of T-cell surface glycoprotein CD3 zeta chain (CD247) induces high-avidity binding to the tandem SH2 domains of Tyrosine-protein kinase ZAP-70 (ZAP70).
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Curated
LIG_TYR_ITAM CD3Z_HUMAN108126Avidity‑sensingPhosphorylation of Y111 and Y123 in the ITAM motif of T-cell surface glycoprotein CD3 zeta chain (CD247) induces high-avidity binding to the tandem SH2 domains of Tyrosine-protein kinase ZAP-70 (ZAP70).
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Curated
LIG_TYR_ITAM CD3Z_HUMAN108126Avidity‑sensingPhosphorylation of Y111 and Y123 in the ITAM motif of T-cell surface glycoprotein CD3 zeta chain (CD247) induces high-avidity binding to the tandem SH2 domains of Tyrosine-protein kinase ZAP-70 (ZAP70).
details
Curated
LIG_TYR_ITAM CD3Z_HUMAN139156Avidity‑sensingPhosphorylation of Y142 and Y153 in the ITAM motif of T-cell surface glycoprotein CD3 zeta chain (CD247) induces high-avidity binding to the tandem SH2 domains of Tyrosine-protein kinase ZAP-70 (ZAP70).
details
Curated
LIG_TYR_ITAM CD3Z_HUMAN139156Avidity‑sensingPhosphorylation of Y142 and Y153 in the ITAM motif of T-cell surface glycoprotein CD3 zeta chain (CD247) induces high-avidity binding to the tandem SH2 domains of Tyrosine-protein kinase ZAP-70 (ZAP70).
details
Curated
LIG_TYR_ITAM CD3G_HUMAN157174Avidity‑sensingPhosphorylation of Y160 and Y171 in the ITAM motif of T-cell surface glycoprotein CD3 gamma chain (CD3G) induces high-avidity binding to the tandem SH2 domains of Tyrosine-protein kinase ZAP-70 (ZAP70).
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Curated
LIG_TYR_ITAM CD3G_HUMAN157174Avidity‑sensingPhosphorylation of Y160 and Y171 in the ITAM motif of T-cell surface glycoprotein CD3 gamma chain (CD3G) induces high-avidity binding to the tandem SH2 domains of Tyrosine-protein kinase ZAP-70 (ZAP70).
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TCR signaling (Reactome - 202403)
LIG_SH2_STAT5 LAT_HUMAN161164BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityPhosphorylation of Y161 in the SH2-binding motif of Linker for activation of T-cells family member 1 (LAT) induces binding to the 1-phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate phosphodiesterase gamma-1 (PLCG1) protein.
details
Curated
LIG_TYR_ITAM CD3Z_HUMAN6986Avidity‑sensingPhosphorylation of Y72 and Y83 in the ITAM motif of T-cell surface glycoprotein CD3 zeta chain (CD247) induces high-avidity binding to the tandem SH2 domains of Tyrosine-protein kinase ZAP-70 (ZAP70).
details
Curated
LIG_TYR_ITAM CD3Z_HUMAN6986Avidity‑sensingPhosphorylation of Y72 and Y83 in the ITAM motif of T-cell surface glycoprotein CD3 zeta chain (CD247) induces high-avidity binding to the tandem SH2 domains of Tyrosine-protein kinase ZAP-70 (ZAP70).
details
Curated
LIG_TYR_ITAM CD3Z_HUMAN108126Avidity‑sensingPhosphorylation of Y111 and Y123 in the ITAM motif of T-cell surface glycoprotein CD3 zeta chain (CD247) induces high-avidity binding to the tandem SH2 domains of Tyrosine-protein kinase ZAP-70 (ZAP70).
details
Curated
LIG_TYR_ITAM CD3Z_HUMAN108126Avidity‑sensingPhosphorylation of Y111 and Y123 in the ITAM motif of T-cell surface glycoprotein CD3 zeta chain (CD247) induces high-avidity binding to the tandem SH2 domains of Tyrosine-protein kinase ZAP-70 (ZAP70).
details
Curated
LIG_TYR_ITAM CD3Z_HUMAN139156Avidity‑sensingPhosphorylation of Y142 and Y153 in the ITAM motif of T-cell surface glycoprotein CD3 zeta chain (CD247) induces high-avidity binding to the tandem SH2 domains of Tyrosine-protein kinase ZAP-70 (ZAP70).
details
Curated
LIG_TYR_ITAM CD3Z_HUMAN139156Avidity‑sensingPhosphorylation of Y142 and Y153 in the ITAM motif of T-cell surface glycoprotein CD3 zeta chain (CD247) induces high-avidity binding to the tandem SH2 domains of Tyrosine-protein kinase ZAP-70 (ZAP70).
details
Curated
LIG_TYR_ITAM CD3G_HUMAN157174Avidity‑sensingPhosphorylation of Y160 and Y171 in the ITAM motif of T-cell surface glycoprotein CD3 gamma chain (CD3G) induces high-avidity binding to the tandem SH2 domains of Tyrosine-protein kinase ZAP-70 (ZAP70).
details
Curated
LIG_TYR_ITAM CD3G_HUMAN157174Avidity‑sensingPhosphorylation of Y160 and Y171 in the ITAM motif of T-cell surface glycoprotein CD3 gamma chain (CD3G) induces high-avidity binding to the tandem SH2 domains of Tyrosine-protein kinase ZAP-70 (ZAP70).
details
Curated

Wnt signaling pathway (KEGG - hsa04310)
MOD_GSK3_1 CTNB1_HUMAN3441SpecificityAltered binding specificityPhosphorylation of Catenin beta-1 (CTNNB1) at T41 generates a docking site for Glycogen synthase kinase-3 beta (GSK3B), which then phosphorylates S37, thereby generating a new docking site for GSK3B. Subsequent phosphorylation of S33 by GSK3B switches the specificity of CTNNB1 to the F-box/WD repeat-containing protein 1A (BTRC), which recruits CTNNB1 to the SCF ubiquitin ligase complex.
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MOD_GSK3_1 CTNB1_HUMAN3037SpecificityAltered binding specificityPhosphorylation of Catenin beta-1 (CTNNB1) at T41 generates a docking site for Glycogen synthase kinase-3 beta (GSK3B), which then phosphorylates S37, thereby generating a new docking site for GSK3B. Subsequent phosphorylation of S33 by GSK3B switches the specificity of CTNNB1 to the F-box/WD repeat-containing protein 1A (BTRC), which recruits CTNNB1 to the SCF ubiquitin ligase complex.
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DEG_SCF_TRCP1_1 CTNB1_HUMAN3237SpecificityAltered binding specificityPhosphorylation of Catenin beta-1 (CTNNB1) at T41 generates a docking site for Glycogen synthase kinase-3 beta (GSK3B), which then phosphorylates S37, thereby generating a new docking site for GSK3B. Subsequent phosphorylation of S33 by GSK3B switches the specificity of CTNNB1 to the F-box/WD repeat-containing protein 1A (BTRC), which recruits CTNNB1 to the SCF ubiquitin ligase complex.
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mTOR signaling pathway (KEGG - hsa04150)
LIG_eIF4E_1 4EBP1_HUMAN5460BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityPhosphorylation of S65 flanking the eIF4E-binding motif of Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E-binding protein 1 (EIF4EBP1) by Serine/threonine-protein kinase mTOR (MTOR) inhibits binding to Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E (EIF4E) in response to growth factors and nutrients. This results in release of Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E (EIF4E), which associates with other initiation factors to form the eIF-4F complex that mediates initiation of translation. However, disruption of the interaction between Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E-binding protein 1 (EIF4EBP1) and Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E (EIF4E) has been shown to be dependent on hyperphosphorylation of Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E-binding protein 1 (EIF4EBP1) by FRAP/mTOR, PI3K and ERK pathways. According to the current model, Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E-binding protein 1 (EIF4EBP1) is phosphorylated on multiple residues in a well-defined order. Basal phosphorylation of T37 and T46 serves as a priming event for subsequent serum-induced phosphorylation of T70, which primes for subsequent phosphorylation of S65.
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p53 signaling pathway (KEGG - hsa04115)
DEG_MDM2_1 P53_HUMAN1926BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityPhosphorylation of Cellular tumor antigen p53 (TP53) on T18 (in vitro by Casein kinase I subfamily, requiring prior phosphorylation of S15) inhibits its binding to E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase Mdm2 (MDM2). In vivo, T18 is phosphorylated in response to DNA damage.
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DEG_MDM2_1 P53_HUMAN1926BinaryPre‑translationalAlternative promoter usage and alternative splicing removes the E3 ubiquitin ligase MDM2-binding motif of Cellular tumor antigen p53 (TP53), abrogating binding to E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase Mdm2 (MDM2). The splice variant without this motif is resistant to MDM2-mediated degradation, leading to a longer half-life.
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p53-Dependent G1/S DNA damage checkpoint (Reactome - 69580)
DEG_MDM2_1 P53_HUMAN1926BinaryPhysicochemical compatibilityPhosphorylation of Cellular tumor antigen p53 (TP53) on T18 (in vitro by Casein kinase I subfamily, requiring prior phosphorylation of S15) inhibits its binding to E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase Mdm2 (MDM2). In vivo, T18 is phosphorylated in response to DNA damage.
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DEG_MDM2_1 P53_HUMAN1926BinaryPre‑translationalAlternative promoter usage and alternative splicing removes the E3 ubiquitin ligase MDM2-binding motif of Cellular tumor antigen p53 (TP53), abrogating binding to E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase Mdm2 (MDM2). The splice variant without this motif is resistant to MDM2-mediated degradation, leading to a longer half-life.
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